Preeclampsia is a complication that occurs in pregnant women. Some of the symptoms that occur in preeclampsia are sudden swelling of the face, hands, feet, ankles and puffiness around the eyes. Sudden weight gain around 4 pounds a week is one of the main symptom of preeclampsia. Sometimes swelling can be caused due to water retention in the body which can be mistaken for preeclampsia. Some of the warning signs of preeclampsia are severe head ache, vision changes, blurred vision, flashing lights, sensitivity to light, temporary loss of vision, and intense pain in the upper abdomen, nausea, and vomiting. If you experience any of these warning signs contact your physician immediately.
Symptoms can vary from one woman to the other. Sometimes preeclampsia in early pregnancy does not have any symptoms. In order to rule out any signs of preeclampsia it is important that you don’t miss any of your appointments with your physician. Your physician will check your blood pressure using the instrument and by taking urine test. If the reading shows 140/90, you are affected by preeclampsia. Presence of protein in the urine will also confirm the presence of this disease. Your physician will keep track of your blood pressure for some days as the reading may change from time to time.
After confirmation of preeclampsia through readings and urine tests, your physician may perform some additional tests for confirming preeclampsia. Some of the tests are blood tests, prolonged urine collection test, fetal ultrasound and non stress test. Blood tests will determine the function of your kidneys and liver. It will also show the number of platelet counts. Prolonged urine tests show the amount of protein lost in the urine. Fetal ultrasound is done due to determine if the baby is growing accordingly. Physician will check for the heart rate of the fetus and its movements. Non stress tests are taken to determine if the baby’s breathing, tone, movement and the volume of amniotic fluid in the uterus. Your baby will be checked if he receives enough nourishment.